IVF (In Vitro Fertilization)
The word Vitro in IVF means outside the body, thereby the process of fertilisation (mixing of egg and sperm) happens outside the body i.e in a test tube/petri dish, therefore IVF is also known as test tube baby.
India was only 3 months (67days) behind from UK and second in the world for this breakthrough scientific achievements.
Who Needs IVF?
- Blocked /damaged fallopian tubes
- Ovulatory Dysfunction
- Male factor
- Pelvic inflammatory disease with severe adhesion.
- Premature Menopause
Steps of IVF
- Evaluation of both the partners with blood test for both, ultrasound of the female and semen analysis of the male.
- Process of IVF starts on Day 2 of the cycle after ultrasound hormonal injections are started, which can be taken at home or near home for next 5 days. Then patient is called to the clinic after Day5/Day6 of injection. Followed by scan (USG) to monitor the growth of follicles (which contains Egg). After which as per the clinician, dose of injection is decided. (ovarian stimulation diagram)
- The process lasts for 10-12 days with injections and 4-5 visits to the clinic.
- Once the follicle size reaches 18-22mm trigger injection is given which is the last injection of the IVF programme.
- 36 hours after the trigger injection, OPU (ovum pickup) is scheduled.
- In this procedure through the transvaginal ultrasound OPU (egg collection) is done, under short anaesthesia without any cut or suture on the body. Patient is discharged on the same day.
- Husband’s semen is collected on the same day (after abstinence for 2-3 day), also a backup sample is frozen before IVF.
- The eggs collected from the ovary of the woman and sperm from the man are then fertilized in the IVF lab to form embryos.
- After 3 days or 5 days the resultant embryo is transferred back into the uterine cavity.
- 14 days after the transfer, a blood test called Beta HCG is done to check for the pregnancy.
No. of Visits and Hospital Stay
- 4-5 visits to the clinic.
- Hospital stay- It is a day care procedure (OPU and ET)
Success rate of IVF
- 50-60% per embryo transfer
How to increase your chances of IVF success rate
- Lifestyle management
- Maintain your adequate body weight
- Choose the right doctor and the clinic
- Pay attention to micronutrients.
- Simple dietary changes can make a difference. The nutrients you need to incorporate in your diet are: –
|Vitamin B12||Vitamin D, C and E||Omega 3 Fatty acid||Co-enzyme Q10||Lycopene||Selenium||Folate||Zinc||Choline|
- Stress management- Stress management is really important for good physical as well as mental health. Take out time for yourself, do meditation, follow exercise regimen and listen to good music.
Frequently asked questions
Q1. When is a couple considered infertile?
Ans- A couple is considered to be infertile when they fail to conceive after one year of unprotected sexual intercourse.
Q2. Are IVF babies born with deformities?
Ans- No, babies born out of IVF do not have any genetic abnormalities